· in general have come up with better
health: this is one of the main drivers for a proper waste collection system. Comparing
data about the waste from different countries showed that irrespective of the
income of the country there was a high percentage of plastics in the waste.
plastics clog up the drains which cause floods and this automatically leads to
water borne diseases. Such a situation has occurred in most of the cities in
the developing countries and low-income countries. This made the countries take
the decision to impose a ban on plastics.
it has also been proven that children develop higher rates of diarrhoea and
acute respiratory infections when the waste is either dumped or burned close to
their homes when compared to the children who live in a household with a better
and regular waste collection system.
Waste collection is such an important
factor that the law requires it to be provided for the entire society,
regardless of the interest of the market to supply it or the users’ ability (or
willingness) to pay for it. The key to a good waste collection system is the percentage
of the population that has an access to it. In principle this should be 100%
however 30-60% of the solid waste in the developing countries remains
uncollected. But this slowly percentage is slowly reducing as cities and
countries in general have come up with better and efficient collection systems.
To achieve maximum vehicle load for the local roads, compaction is not required
for the developing countries as their waste is significantly wetter and denser
because when compared to the developed countries 67% of their waste consists of
organic matter. The reasons for failure in the developing countries in this
sector are unavailability of spare parts that are required for the vehicles
used for collection. Most of these developing countries import these vehicles. Weak
infrastructure is another cause for failure.