1. Key Term and Why You Are Interested in it:
As organizations all over the world continues to spread and expand across the nation, the international marketplace grows to becomes more available for small and large organizations alike. Values and attitudes are that which in a clear and detailed manner or in a way that is not directly expressed the needs of an individual or a group and which affects their modes, means, and ends of actions. This key term interests me specifically because it studies the psychological impacts and noneconomical factors that can have a tremendous effect on the individuals and how much they are devoted and dedicated to their jobs in the workplace and across borders commerce.
2. Explanation of the Key Term
Values are conceptual ideals that drive one’s thinking and actions across all life circumstances. They are highly affected by our religious views, the values of our forefather, our childhood history, and incidents happening across the communities and societies in which we live.
“Spiritual values in the workplace, increasingly discussed and applied in the business ethics literature, can be viewed from an individual, organizational, or interactive perspective” (Kolodinsky, Giacalone and Jurkiewicz, 2008). Organizations in the present time, are more like alive and breathing organisms, aiming on numerous trade names and sectors at the same time. Exploiting into an extensive network of proficiency and skills across all industries. Transforming and shaping it into dissimilar forms to fit the present environment.
3. Major Article Summery
I would like to discuss furthermore and include this article “Sustainability Values, Attitudes, and Behaviors: A Review of Multinational and Global Trends”, that caught my attention on the key term that I chose “Values and Attitudes”. I worked in many different countries as an accountant and expanded my accounting experience well enough to know that values vary across cultures. For example, some cultures value group decisions, compared to other cultures believe that the person in -power of any organization should take charge. Some people set out values into a ranking of preferences. And some individuals prefer new challenges at their workplace more than they value comfort and easiness at work. Each person’s distinctive value is created and enhanced though socialization from family, religious institutions, friends, and many other factors. Many proponents of economics development are aware of the need to adjust and modify the individual’s values, attitudes, and behavior as a means to attain sustainability alternation in order to meet the nation’s needs and lower starvation and poverty while preserve the life supporting system of the globe.
“Values will be even more important for globalization because it implies social and political integration and hence calls to mind the need to protect one’s community more than one’s job prospects. Once a certain material level of comfort has been attained in more economically advanced countries, individuals seek to protect and advance their values and symbolic interests beyond the material” (Wolfe and Mendelsohn, 2004).
Attitudes reflect our feelings or opinions about people, places, and objectives. It varies from positive to negative, and impacts our behavior, they represent our consistent beliefs and feelings about a particular thing. Value is very much associated with attitude. Every individual’s personal attitude functions as a contribution in combining the infrastructure. Moreover, people have conflicting attitudes regarding to their nations, while some nations strive to construct and retain adequate reflection toward attitudes. Some cultures value individualism. “Although the public often lacks detailed knowledge of policy proposals, it does have clear policy goals. Studying individual attitudes in the aggregate will help us to understand the political basis of global governance” (Wolfe and Mendelsohn, 2004).
Generally, individual’s values and attitudes impact his/her workplace behavior, work-affiliated, and whole society’s outcome. From the article, the author explained and did research to recognize, achieve and describe the current trends in the international sustainability in business values and attitudes over time.
Many scholars found that most of the studies and researches focuses on general economy concepts, ignoring the values and attitudes factors. However, “We need more research to understand the process by which people form opinions about globalization. The findings here offer a number of potential topics for further research. First, there is an important need to expand the construct of globalization beyond its economic implications and understand the entirety of globalization. Secondly, it is clear that independent variables from both culture and value-based approaches should be a focus of further empirical research as well as theorizing. More research is necessary on both the theoretical and empirical fronts to unpack the sources of global attitude. Additional moderator variables such as country level of marketing orientation should also be explored” (Xu, J. 2013).
a. As I explained above, the work cited the correlation between values and attitudes as they are generally accepted beliefs about what is right and wrong. While the society obtains its culture from its history and environment. “The developed values of a society influence the members of the society. The values are a basis for developing social norms and decision making. If a citizen behaves according to social norms, the society accepts and respects the individual. If the citizen behaves contrary to social norms, he or she stands out and maybe subject to correction” Satterlee, B. (2018). While attitude is a demonstration of values, opinions, emotions, and temperament. Whereas, values and attitudes derive from individual’s culture and inside every specific geographical area and this might impact or direct individual’s behaviors, beliefs, and trends toward adapting any new changes or new ideas. From my perspective these factors can be eliminated or reduced by spreading awareness and educating generations in order to make the required changes for openness and diversity for the new world vision and partnered world trade agreements. “If people have attachments to organized interests or other individuals who present these political arguments, they might form their opinions about trade policy first, based on these group attachments. These opinions could then shape their beliefs about the economic impact of trade. In short, trade policy attitudes might influence individuals’ assessments of how trade affects their family as well as the country as a whole.” (Mutz, D. C., & Kim, E. 2017). More to be said about this subject, where they referred these factors as a noneconomic factor indicating that these factors can play a great role in a nation’s economy.
b. The article that I chose for this discussion forum “Sustainability Values, Attitudes, and Behaviors: A Review of Multinational and Global Trends” because I wanted to find an article that instantly implies values and attitudes in the global trade. I also thought that it would be appealing to connect our values and attitudes to what causes the impact on the new world trade concepts. From the previous key term that I mentioned, I tried to stimulate interest in reviewing some factors and elements that could affect the future of the new world trade agreements and emphasize that the advantage of changing our values and attitudes for adapting and taking the opportunities to expand any windows for new marketplace which will benefit any host countries from many aspects: new jobs opportunities, health care, education, etc. And more economy growth conducting new business internationally resulting in more power and control over the world. While the author encouraged collaborative research to identify, measure, and explain the trends in the global sustainability values, attitudes, and behaviors over time.