A and submarines used to increase the radar

A pivotal
component of innovation in radar technology in terms of warfare for the United
States Navy were the radar pickets. Radar pickets are radar-equipped stations
located on ships and submarines used to increase the radar detection range
around a force to protect it from surprise attack.1 The
development of these boosted the strength and power the radar detection was possible
of conceiving. During World War 2, the Battle of Okinawa in April 1945 against
the Japanese heavily depended on the radar picket system. In this particular
battle, the emergence of kamikaze aircrafts were seen. The Kamikaze fighters
also known as suicide aircrafts were first seen in the Battle of Leyte Gulf in
which the Americans were caught off guard and inflicted severe damage.2
Precautions were taken in the Battle of Okinawa as seen with the strategic use
of radar pickets. A ring of 15 radar picket stations were established around
Okinawa to cover all possible approaches to the island and the attacking fleet.3
The ships and destroyers docked at sea were able to detect the distance and
direction of objects in the sky with the help of radio waves from the radar
technology. As the Allied forces infiltrated Okinawa, the fleet of kamikaze
planes were unleashed out into the sky. The job of the radar picket sites were
to distinguish and detect the oncoming kamikazes, in order to have a better
defensive system. The performance of the ships were completed with radar
tracking which also sent radio message waves out to the U.S. fighter planes
which helped shoot down the incoming enemy planes.4
The importance of radar is highlighted throughout the various naval events in
World War 2 that illustrated the achievement of the United States.

 

 

 

Limitations
of Radar

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

On the other
hand, the advancements of radar technology had limits on the amount of support
it provided the United States navy with. The United States was not the only
country with access to radar, and the Germans also took advantage of this
useful technology. The U-boats implemented the technique of wolfpacks to pose
as an imminent threat towards Allied shipping. The radio connection  provided by the SJ radar equipped the U-boats
to plan together on sea. As a response to these actions, the United States Navy
found a way to manipulate the technology of radar to produce a counter measure
device called the High Frequency Direction Finder.5 The
significance of this device was that it constructed a method for the Allied
naval forces to determine the location of the enemy boats transmitting and
attack them. As a result, this shows how the power of radar was versatile and
powerful in many ways during the naval battles of World War 2.

 

Conclusion

In summation, the advancements made in
the fields of sonar and radar developed technology that supported the
achievements of the United States Navy during World War 2. These new methods of detection were added on as new accessories
of equipment into the battleships of the Navy. The advancement in a particular
type of strategic technology led to the creation of several other devices and
methods that proved to be useful. The sub categories within sonar and radar
also led to the development of new tactic strategies that were used by the
United States Navy during World War 2. Sonar development allowed
detection of objects underwater to be visible through the use of sound waves
that bounce back to calculate the distance of foreign objects. This made it
possible for submarines to be detected by surface ships that were once only
able to detect oncoming obstacles on the surface. Radar development created
detection of objects on the surface in which radio waves bounce off and
calculate the range and distance. In terms of radar, the general area and
navigation of the ship was a new possibility of detection. The trajectory of
enemy ships were determined by the Navy and eliminated with the weapons on
board that had the ability to accurately pinpoint the location of the target. As
a result, the new innovations led to more accuracy and precision. The improvements
made in technology gave the United States an advantage on the sea as the Navy
became stronger and more capable of completing once believed difficult tasks. The
combination of advancements and limitation of the technology further developed
in terms of sonar and radar had a drastic impact on the ability of the United
States Navy and their pivotal role in World War 2.

1Rivet, Eric. USS
SLATER (DE-766) . United States Department of the Interior, National Park
Service, 2010.

2 Grant,
Rebecca. The radar game: understanding stealth and aircraft
survivability. Mitchell Institute Press, 2010.

3 Grant, 38

4 Grant, 42

5 Orr, William. HUFF-DUFF High Frequency Direction Finding Antenna. 1985.