ABSTRACT exercises daily. But most of the college

ABSTRACT

 

Introduction: Health contributes to the general well being and overall life style.
Exercise is another aspect that is important for a person’s healthy lifestyle.
This survey aims at finding the effects of exercise on college students.

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Materials and methods: Sample size for this study was 100. Survey questionnaire was filled
in survey planet and was sent to college students to find the effect of daily
exercises among them. The result of the survey was statistically analysed.

 

Results: Significant
effect (including lose of weight, relieving stress) is seen among the college
students who does the exercises daily. But most of the college students don’t
regularly exercise.

 

Conclusion: Since most of the college students don’t spend much time for
exercise, the unhealthy lifestyle still persists. This study would reveal the
benefits of daily exercises on college students and create awareness among
them.

 

Keywords: Exercises, Health, Diet, Weight, Stress.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION:

 

                Health  is 
a  universal  trait; 
the  World  Health 
Organization  defines health  as 
a  “state  of 
complete  physical,  mental, 
and  social  well-being, and not merely the absence of
disease. Health contributes to general well-being  and 
overall  lifestyle.1  Among
today’s major public health concerns, is the rapid rise in obesity, which
approaches 30%, even among young adults (20–39 y). The increasing prevalence of
obesity among young people is combined with a concomitant low rate of physical
activity, with nearly 43% of college undergraduates reporting they do not
participate in either moderate or vigorous physical activity.2

 

                         Doing
exercises can eliminate anxiety, tension and stress under pressure conditions.
The use of habitual exercise as a stress management technique has the benefits
of mood enhancement, increased self-esteem and reduced psychological and
physical stress reactions. According to Graham, Holt and Parker (1998),
physical activities activities such as basketball, tennis, racquetball,
weight-lifting, self-defense, and swimming help students to improve and
maintain physical, mental health and the quality of lives.3  

 

                       Colleges
and universities are potentially important settings for reducing the prevalence
of overweight in the adult population through the promotion of healthy weight
management practices. While overweight and obesity appear to track from
childhood into adulthood, overweight during late adolescence is most strongly
associated with increased risk of overweight in adulthood. Colleges and
universities provide numerous opportunities to positively influence physical
activity, nutrition, and weight management behaviours of large numbers of older
adolescents and young adults in an educational setting.4

 

                       An
important developmental task for college students is learning to manage excess
or unnecessary distress while actively engaging with healthy, age-appropriate challenges
that promote growth. Studies were conducted earlier for evaluating the
effectiveness of meditation-based intervention for reducing distress and
enhancing well-being among college undergraduate populations.5

                 The  main 
purpose  of  this 
study  is  to 
explore  the  major 
lifestyle factors  among  college 
students,  in  an 
effort  to  improve 
their  behaviour and reduce the
risk factors for major diseases.  This  study 
contributes  significantly  in 
improving  the  quality 
of college  student’s  life, 
and  helps  them 
live  longer,  free 
from  diseases  and illnesses.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

 

                 The  study 
was  conducted  among 
college  students in  an 
effort  to find out the effects of
daily exercises on college students. 
Information  was collected via
survey questionnaire that were filled in survey planet.

                  On the whole, 100
participants took part in the survey. The above mentioned questions have been
asked to the participant through the link. Among these questions, seven
questions come under yes or no type. Other questions are given with appropriate
options. The results of the survey was statistically analysed.

 

 

RESULTS:

 

                   The number of participants who took part in
the survey was 100. Among the 100 participants 61% were female and 39% were
male. Age groups that took part in the survey was from 16 to 20 (68%) and 21 to
25 (32%). The students who does the exercise daily was about 30%, and they
perform the exercises for less than one hour. Most of the students don’t
regularly exercise (57%) and they perform only light exercises (63%). The
survey among college students has revealed that the students perform the
exercises to lose weight and maintain physique. And after doing the exercises,
they think that their weight has reduced (63%) and they are able to manage
stress (78%). Doing exercises daily improves their memory retention, focus and
concentration (80%) and it boosts their mood and relieves stress (87%). The
survey has also revealed that doing exercises does not improve the marks or
GPA’s of the students (63%) and they don’t think that they stress themselves
because of doing exercises (74%). About 63% of the students know about the
benefits of daily exercises among them and 75% of the students found useful of
the survey.

 

 

 

Table 1

 

 

Table 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 3

 

 

Table 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 5

 

DISCUSSION:

 

                This study has shown that most of the college
students do not exercise regularly. Among the students who does the exercises
daily, they do the exercises mainly to lose weight and maintain physique. After
doing exercises, they think that their weight has reduced, they are able to
manage stress, improve their memory retention, focus and concentration. Awareness
was also created among the students about the benefits of daily exercises on
them.

This study also showed
that, males were predominant than females among the students who do the
exercises regularly.

 

                  Many of the college
students are placing their health at risk through lifestyle choices that
include insufficient physical activity and unhealthy food choices. Several
studies shows that a high percentage of the students,
do not exercise frequently,
and suffer from increased body weight (obesity). An unhealthy lifestyle
persists among the college students. The human body needs to move, the many
benefits of exercise prove that the act of fitness is more than just losing
weight. Exercise build confidence, reduce and relieve stress, improve learning
and mental health, and can build healthy relationships around with common
interests in well-being. College students should focus on consuming a balanced
diet, staying hydrated, and getting adequate amount of sleep together with
exercise and a healthy lifestyle will ensure both physical and mental health.1   

                    The students in this study were asked about their exercise
patterns. They were not examined for their weight/ BMI before and after doing
exercises. Another limitation of the study was the fact that we had no means to
determine whether the information was given haphazardly.

                    

 

 

CONCLUSION: