Abstract With the advent of the Internet of



The smart city concept represents a compelling
platform for IT-enabled service innovation. It offers a view of the city where
service providers use information technologies to engage with citizens to
create more effective urban organizations and systems that can improve the
quality of life. The emerging Internet of Things (IoT) model is foundational to
the development of smart cities. Integrated cloud-oriented architecture of
networks, software, sensors, human interfaces, and data analytics are essential
for value creation. IoT smart-connected products and the services they
provision will become essential for the future development of smart cities.
This paper will explore the smart city concept and propose a strategy
development model for the implementation of IoT systems in a smart city

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The digital space has witnessed major transformations in the
last couple of years and as per industry experts would continue to evolve
itself. The latest entrant to the digital space is the Internet of Things
(IoT). IoT can also be defined as interplay for software, telecom and
electronic hardware industry and promises to offer tremendous opportunities for
many industries. With the advent of the Internet of Things (IoT), fed by
sensors soon to number in the trillions, working with intelligent systems in
the billions, and involving millions of applications, the Internet of Things
will drive new consumer and business behavior that will demand increasingly
intelligent industry solutions, which, in turn, will drive trillions of dollars
in opportunity for IT industry and even more for the companies that take
advantage of the IoT. The number of Internet-connected devices (12.5 billion)
surpassed the number of human beings (7 billion) on the planet in 2011, and by
2020, Internet-connected devices are expected to number between 26 billion and
50 billion globally. Therefore to leverage India’s strength as a leader in the
global service industry, through suitable promotion and supportive mechanisms
the draft IoT policy has been formulated to create IoT ecosystem in the


Indian Government’s plan of developing 100 smart cities in the country, for
which Rs. 7,060 crores has been allocated in the current budget could lead to a
massive and quick expansion of IoT in the country. Also, the launch of the

Program of the Government, which aims at ‘transforming India into digital
empowered society and knowledge economy’ will provide the required impetus for
development of the IoT industry in the country. The various initiatives
proposed to be taken under the Smart City concept and the Digital India Program
to setup Digital Infrastructure in the country would help boost the IoT
industry. IoT will be critical in making these cities smarter. Some of the key
aspects of a smart city


·Intelligent Transport System                        

urban lighting.


city maintenance







Among other things, IoT can help automate solutions to
problems faced by various industries like agriculture, health services, energy,
security, disaster management etc. through remotely connected devices. IoT
offers avenues for telecom operators & system integrators to significantly
boost their revenues and has resulted in their taking lead in adoption of IoT
applications and services being offered by the technology

from direct IoT applications, the IT industry also has an opportunity to
provide solutions, services and analytics related to IoT.




City Implementation Models based on IoT


Recently, many local
governments have been aiming to implement an IoT-based smart city through the
construction of a test bed for IoT verification and an integrated infrastructure.
This movement also corresponds to the creative economy that is emphasized by
the Indian government. In this chapter, smart city implementation models based
on IoT that can be implemented by local governments are described through


Traffic Service


Major smart traffic
services include smart parking services to prevent illegal parking and
facilitate convenient parking 5, citizen participation-oriented illegal
parking prevention services, and smart safe crosswalk services. Smart parking
refers to the construction of a platform that enables real-time checking of
available space and parking prices in areas that require parking and
facilitation of reservation/payment through Web and mobile connections. The
citizen participation-oriented illegal parking prevention service is an
improvement of the illegal parking crackdown system of the traffic authority by
allowing citizens (including victims of illegal parking) to conveniently report
such violations through their smartphones. Furthermore, the smart safe
crosswalk service can contribute to the prevention of pedestrian accidents and
secondary car accidents by detecting pedestrians in children protection zones,
and alerting pedestrians and approaching vehicles through electronic display


Education Service


This service provides
real-time, interactive high-definition lectures that feel like face to-face
meetings at home through high-definition (HD) services and wide-area Internet infrastructure.
Instructors participate in the lectures by using equipment in private
educational institutes or separate places, and even foreign language teachers
in other countries can access this service through the Internet.



Internet of Things involves three
distinct stages:


The sensors which collect data (including identification and addressing the

An application which collects and analyzes this data for further consolidation

Decision making and the transmission of data to the decision-making server.

engines, actuators and Big data may be used for the decision making process. Several
countries like US, South Korea, China among others, have taken lead in their
preparedness for taking advantage for IoT.



This study is
significant in outlining general information about IoT, such as definition,
market size, and status of IoT, which has become a hot IT topic nowadays, and
in presenting applicable IoT business models to help business entities and
research institutes participating in related projects build a smart city as
part of the future vision of local governments by reflecting the new
information paradigm of IoT. A limitation of this study, however, is the lack
of available data in India that hinders the required empirical analysis on the
benefits of IoT technology. We hope that more research in this field will be
conducted in the future.