According to tourism society of
Britain “Tourism is a temporary, short term movement of people to destinations
outside the places where they normally live and work and their activities
during their stay at these destinations, including day visit & excursion.
Thus there are a number of ways tourism can be defined, and for
this reason, the United Nations
World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) embarked
on a project from 2005 to 2007 to create a common glossary of terms for
tourism. It defines tourism as follows: “Tourism is a social, cultural and
economic phenomenon which entails the movement of people to countries or places
outside their usual environment for personal or business/professional purposes.
These people are called visitors (which may be either tourists or
excursionists; residents or non-residents) and tourism has to do with their
activities, some of which imply tourism expenditure (United Nations World Tourism
Tourist – its meaning
definition, we can see that tourism is the movement of people for a number
of purposes (whether business or pleasure).
Building on the definition of tourism, a commonly accepted
description of a tourist is
“someone who travels at least 80 km from his or her home for at least 24 hours,
for business or leisure or other reasons” (LinkBC, 2008, p.8).
It can also be defined by UNWTO as “People who travel to and stay
Outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive
year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an
activity remunerated from within the place visited.
The United Nations World Tourism Organization (1995) helps us
break down this definition further by stating tourists can be:
International Tourism – When people visit a foreign country, it is
referred to as international tourism. In order to travel to a foreign country
one requires passport, visa, health documents, foreign exchange etc.
International tourist may be inbound or outbound:
Inbound -non-residents travelling
in a given country, i.e. refers to tourist of outside origin entering a
Outbound – residents of one country travelling in another country i.e.
refers to tourist travelling from the country of their origin to another
2. Domestic Tourism: The residents of a given country
travelling only within that country. Travelling within the same country is
easier because it does not require formal travel documents and other
formalities like compulsory health check and foreign exchange etc.
Purpose of Travel
It is important to study here the factors that commonly promote
tourism during all periods i.e. what motivates people to move or to travel. Today With
disposable income, faster transport and greater time for leisure, people have
ventured into new horizons which seemed only dreams till yesterday. Some of the
reasons for travelling are as follows:
Sightseeing: This is a
strong reason to travel. Sightseeing is visiting places of interest.
International culture attracts men and their exploration always fascinates him.
Culture includes the away people live the their history cuisines, arts,
handicrafts languages etc . tour operators therefore organize tour packages to
meet the need of the clientage.
Leisure: This comes as a
strong motivation in highly stressed work life. Leisure is a passive recreation
where people just want to put up their feet’s and relax. There are many sources
of leisure like weather is the major attraction as some like cold weather while
others get fascinated by deserts and sea beaches. Spas are creations of new age
health conscious people.
Religious travel: This has
always fascinated humankind from ancient times. We know of pilgrimages to
Jerusalem for the Christians and the Haj to
Mecca for the Hindus, etc. This involves large-scale travelling with millions
of travelers at a time.
travelers observe ambience and have very little needs. Some may have dietary
restriction like vegetarian food or foods without some ingredients. They may
want prayer rooms and perhaps a priest of their faith on premises