After supplying the Soviet Union who was fighting

After the interwar period between 1918 and 1939, Europe found itself in the midst of war again. The United States, Great Britian, and the Soviet Union formed an alliance called the Allie Powers, to fight against Germany, Italy, and Japan, who made up the Axis Powers.  Brillient military generals and leaders met throughout the second World War to discuss strategy and tactics. Strategy refers to the overall plan for defeating the enemy, while tactics refers to the specific military action to impliment the strategy1. Without an effective strategy and skillfull tactics, even the best armies risk losing. The Allies used various tactics including air raids, ground troops, and amphibious warfare to accomplish their strategy of winning the war in Europe first, and then defeating Japan in the Pacific. The first step of the Allies strategy was defeating Germany in Europe first, and then focusing on Japan.  By the time the United States entered World War 2 in 1941 after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Great Britian was fighting Germany in the west, while Russia was fighting Germany in the east.  The United States worried that if facing Germany was delayed, then Germany might either defeat Great Britian or Russia, or become so powerful as to make Allied victory even harder2.  Another reason for the United States focusing on Germany first was that they did not have many resources for building ships for a war in the Pacific. This was partly due to the fact that much of the naval fleet had been damaged during the Pearl Harbor attack3.Supporting and supplying the Soviet Union who was fighting Germany on the eastern front was the immediate action of the Allies. Keeping German troops accupied in the east assisted the Allie’s ability to weaken Germany’s defenses and prepare for a ground invasion in the west4.  However, if Germany managed to overcome the Soviet Union and take control of its artillery, then Hitler could focus all of his military on the western front.In 1942, the United States and Great Britian planned an amphibious invasion of France held territories in Northern Africa. The goal of this invasion was to persuade the French to join the Allie’s and gain practice for their main invasion of France5. Codenamed Operation Torch, the invasion consisted of three task forces, one at Casablana, one at Oran, and one at Algiers6. The Allie’s met more resistance from the French than they had hoped, but were still sucessful in their invasion. From there, the Allies invaded Italy to remove Italy from the war and divert German troops from the Russian front7. After the sucess with Africa and Italy, the Allies were ready to focus on setting Operation Overlord, their main invasion of France from Great Britian. This invasion, famously called the D-Day invasion, would take place on the beaches on Normandy, France and required several elements including deception, airpower, and infantry. To prepare for the real landings, the Allies droppen paratroopers into France weeks prior to soften up resistance. General Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Allies fully expected the D-Day invasion to deliver the final blow of defeat to Germany*. Deception played a critical role in Operation Overlord. Not only did the Allies have to keep the invasion a secret from the Germans, they also created an elaborite ruse to fool Hitler about the location of the invasion so that German forces would be diverted from Normandy. This ruse consisted of fake information being passed to the Germans through double agent spies and messages. The Allies even staged blow up rubber tanks and planes near Dover to lead the Germans to think that they were planning to cross the English channel at that location. Although some of Germany’s military generals were not completely fooled by the misinformation, Hitler was fooled and decided to keep his main defenses at Pas de Calais near Dover. As a result, the Allies suceeded in not giving away the true location of the invasion, which meant they would not face the full, main defenses of Germany when they did carry out Operation Overlord. Another factor in the sucess of the Normandy invasion was the Allies use of air bombings to weaken German defenses prior to the land invasion. In 1942, Britian and the United States both increased their bomber forces against Germany, and by 1943, United States fighters were attacking German fighters and destroying many of them (The Air War). These air attacks wreaked havoc on the Germany. According to the United States Strategic Bombing Surveys, “In Germany, 3,600,000 dwelling units, approximately 20% of the total, were destroyed or heavily damaged. Survey estimates show some 300,000 civilians killed and 780,000 wounded… The principal German cities have been largely reduced to hollow walls and piles of rubble. German industry is buised and temporarily paralyzed. These are the scars across the face of the enemy, the preface to the victory that followed.”