As the use of technology increases overtime,
the use of the internet and cyber space is also rapidly increasing. Cyber space
is now a part of our daily routine. From banking, entertainment, transport even
our social lives are dependent on the internet. This over use of the internet comes
with a price and that may come in the form of virus, worms, hacking and
identity theft. The open use of cyber space has not just connected the entire
world with speed and ease but has also left the world open to hackers and other
individual out for their selfish motives. This paper will
try to define what cyber warfare and what are its impacts on modern society.
Koblentz and Mazanec have defined cyber
warfare as ‘the use of computer networks to disrupt, deny, degrade, or destroy
information resident in enemy computers and computer networks, or the computers
and networks themselves’ (Gregory D. Koblentz & Brian M. Mazanec 2013). As
technology becomes more and more advanced so does the ability to conduct war. Criminals
from around the globe have targeted both government and private networks to
start information and cyber warfare which also entail attacks that are backed
by political and military forces from around the globe.
The world began
to see the dangers caused by modern weapons in World War I when chemical
weapons were introduced. After that in World War II, nations developed nuclear
weapons which led to the destruction of 2 entire cities. Today,
in the war on terror, the US has unmanned drones which can be used to strike terrorists
without endangering the lives of our soldiers. The ability to
conduct warfare via advanced technological methods has contributed to an increase
in information security awareness and the need for one to protect an entities
with the advent of cyber warfare there has been and increased risk of threats
and vulnerabilities to systems that hold or transmit data.
The threat of a cyber-attack on our nation’s
infrastructure is now viewed by the majority of American’s as an imminent and
credible one that demands greater resources and spending. A survey revealed
that 92 percent of Americans agree cyber-attacks pose a threat to public
utilities, infrastructure and transportation and 60 percent are in favor of
increased government spending in defense of such attacks. Cyber warfare is viewed
as an imminent threat in light of increased news coverage of recent attacks.
However, there is a divide amongst the people as to whether the corporations
should be responsible for their own defense or if this is the governments’
responsibility (Americans Willing to Spend More to Thwart Cyber Attacks:
Survey, 2013, p. 1).