Ayisha which affects the problem of water distribution,

Sayed, Shivani Vatkar, Abhishek Udmale


Reading BE INFT, VIT, Wadala, Mumbai

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Prof Vinita Bhandiwad, VIT, Wadala,



Abstract – With
increase in population, urban residential areas have increased because of this
reasons water has become a crucial problem which affects the problem of water
distribution, water conservation, water consumption and also interrupted water
supply. People have to suffer from this problem that they don’t have sufficient
amount for their daily needs, so to overcome water supply related problems and
make system efficient there is need of proper monitoring and controlling
system. In this paper, we present an IOT design for water monitoring and
control approach which focuses on continuous and real time monitoring of water
supply that enables proper distribution so that we can have a record of
available amount of water in tanks, flow rate abnormality in distribution line.
This project proposes the conceptual design of closed loop automated water
distribution system for residential buildings. Here electronic flow sensors are
fixed in the pipeline of every user, when the system is turned on the amount of
water utilized by the user is monitored and controlled by using micro
controller by counting the pulses from all channels continuously. The maximum
amount of water to be consumed by individual user is fixed based on the
availability of water reserves in the tank. The valve turns on/off by the
central processing unit to stop the water supply whenever the flow rate exceed
a predefined limit. Thus, a closed-loop control system can be implemented. This
system is interfaced with the computer to store consumption of individual users
in real time and also to manage the system through the computer will be much
easier for admin.


Key Words:  IOT, Water distribution
system, Electronic flow meter, closed loop water system, Arduino UNO, Wi-Fi,
Water level sensor, Solenoid valve


I. Introduction

Water is an important resource for all the livings on the earth.
In that, some people are not getting sufficient amount of water because of
unequal distribution. Water is the basic need of the humans. So, it should be
supplied properly and at right time to fulfill the daily activities. The main
objective is to design and develop a low cost, reliable and efficient technique
to make proper water distribution by continuous monitoring and also controlling
it from central server so that we can solve water related problems. This
project will help us to provide water in a proper sequential order. In order to
implement water distribution system in a proper channelized manner to the end
users, the control room of each apartment should be provided with a micro
controller to regulate the required quantity of water in proper time interval.
The electric actuated solenoid valve will be shut down automatically when the
limit reaches the determined threshold value. With the help of the internal
predefined clock in the system, the flow of water through the valve is
controlled. The Wi-Fi module is employed for wireless communication so that
message can be sent to the authority in the central control room.




            Fig. 1.  Design of proposed system 5


The water system provides utilities with an exceptional ability to
understand and control water use. Utilities are able to save water and conserve
supplies with real time understanding of consumer water use and confidence that
all water is used according to need.



The water system provides:


1) Knowledge- how much water is being


2)  Control- water delivery according to


II. Existing System


In existing system, water is supplied to home with some manpower. The
activity of opening the valve will be performed by the person who is given the
charge of it.The person has to wait for a time period and again close the
valve. Time consumption is very high in this system. This type of operation
needs manpower. Also if operator does not perform the proposed task perfectly
then the output of the task will not be good. Also the people may take excess
water for their personal use with help of motor or some other equipment. Due to
this many people will not receive sufficient water for use. They are standalone
instruments and do not have any management over consumption of water. Thus, it
works on open loop system.


III. Limitations of Existing System


The existing system suffers from
several limitations like:




control over utilization of water by users which leads to difficult management
of water during the water scarcity periods.


requirement prediction is difficult.


pay a fixed amount even though their consumption varies.


requires periodic human intervention for maintenance making it inconvenient and
often least effective.


IV. Proposed System


The proposed system is fully automated. Hence,  human work and time are saved. This system can
be implemented on water tanks for safe, efficient and waste less consumption.
Water when supplied from the overhead tanks to each flats, the tanks will be
checked for its level using level sensors and a threshold will be set for each
users according to number of flats. This will be notified to the user i.e.
nothing but the limit provided for usage of water.


The level of the tank will be checked for every 1 hour and if the
new threshold is greater than the previous threshold then the updated threshold
value will be set and notified to the user. Else the same threshold value will
be continued for supplying the water. The user will request for the water to
the admin server according to the limit allotted to them. The admin server will
be switched on for 24 hours daily. The admin will instruct the Arduino to open
the valves for the particular user and supply water according to their
requirement. The admin will be given control of a web based application
consisting of:


quantity of water required and consumed by each resident.

flow rate measurement using a water flow sensor.






    Fig. 2.  Block diagram of proposed system 1



The flow sensors will keep the track of amount of water flowing
through each pipeline of the requested user and will automatically shut off the
valve when the limit is reached. During distribution of water rate of flow is
measured so that equal distribution is done. This whole data is sent from Wi-Fi
to the Web page so that system can be accessed remotely from a computer. The
flow of distribution and quantity of water both will be monitored from the web
page which can be displayed anywhere using the internet. Hence, the proposed
system helps in managing water supply efficiently according to the availability
i.e. also under scarce conditions.


V. Advantages of Proposed System


proposed system overcomes all the difficulties of the existing system


gives uniform distribution regardless of pressure variation within the

water consumption as per requirements. Controls water supply in real time.

supply ensures that water is not wasted and hence promoting water conservation.


is provided with electrically operated solenoid valve for proper water supply and
hence no human intervention.


VI. Comparable study of these two technologies













Inefficient monitoring.


Efficient monitoring with






help of central server.



Water requirement prediction

Water quantity is fixed for each user.

is difficult.















supply  and

needed   for
water supply.





































Overconsumption  of  water

No wastage  of  water.






















as per the need

time period.




with no time











VII. Conclusion


The proposed system helps to monitor and control the consumption
of water when it reaches the predefined limit. Automated water distribution
focuses on various entities such as proper supply, no wastage, efficient usage,
no overconsumption and equal distribution.




It is our privilege to express our sincerest regards to our
project guide, Prof Vinita Bhandiwad for her valuable inputs, guidance,
encouragement and constructive criticism throughout this work. However, it
would not have been possible without the kind support and help of many
individuals in college. We would like to extend our gratitude to all of them.



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