Destiny WilliamsLisa LangePsychology 7January 2018 Anxiety Disorders During my research on many types of anxiety disorders, I have found that anxiety is a mental disorder that affects millions of people young and old that makes everyday life very hard. There are many types of anxiety disorders such as generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder (DCD). Anxiety disorders may develop at any point in one’s lifetime, they can also be genetic (Facts & Statistics). Anxiety disorders are also highly treatable, yet less than 38% of people get treated (Facts & Statistics). “Anxiety, as opposed to fear, is an excessive, out-of-proportion response to a vague, ill- defined, future-oriented danger.” (Hyman, et al 12). Generalized anxiety disorder is a form of anxiety that makes one worry frequently and obsessively. People that have generalized anxiety disorder tend to worry about negative things that will probably never happen or have very little chance of happening. Generalized anxiety disorder can have high impact on daily live. “My interactions with people at work. I actively avoid elevators and take the stairs to avoid being in an awkward small space with strangers. I avoid conversations with people when I walk into the office kitchen, or walk the halls to the copy room. My anxiety also makes it very hard to be motivated or focus on my work. I spend a lot of time procrastinating because of that. Also, I go over what I’m going to do when I get home a million times in my head, stress about what I will eat, how much money I have, any stressful conversations I’ve had with friends/family/partner that day, how much time I will have to relax before sleep if I decide to work out, cook dinner, etc. When it is time for me to sleep, I get anxious that I haven’t accomplished enough in the day or haven’t done all the things I wanted/needed to do, making it hard to actually fall asleep.” — Haylee P. (Schuster) Scientists have discovered that the amygdala and the hippocampus play key parts in anxiety disorders. The amygdala stores emotional memories and the hippocampus stores emotional traumas (Henry). Anxiety disorders are diagnosed by psychiatrists, through physical exams. Anxiety and its many forms are the most common mental illness in the United States (Facts & Statistics). Anxiety affects approximately 40 million people in the U.S. alone. Each year around 18% of the population are diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders often occur together like depression and eating disorders are going to be diagnosed together. Depression is also commonly seen or diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder. Obsessive- compulsive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorders are highly similar to anxiety disorder they are also often diagnosed with depression (Facts & Statistics ) Women are more likely to be diagnosed with anxiety than men according to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America. Children in the United States are affected by anxiety, 25% of children in the United States are diagnosed around ages 13-17 (Facts & Statistics). Anxiety also affects older adults, most older adults are diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder. Older adults affected by anxiety commonly associate it with traumatic life experiences. Approximately 3% of the adults in the United States are diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder. “According to a 2007 ADAA survey, 36% of people with social anxiety disorder report experiencing symptoms for 10 or more years before seeking help” (Facts & Statistics). I found no evidence showing that the length of time a person has anxiety has a different effect on the severity. There many treatments for anxiety disorders. Treatments I found include but are not limited to: psychotherapy- commonly known as “talk therapy”, cognitive behavioral therapy, support groups, stress-management, and medications such as antidepressants prescribed by a psychiatrist (Anxiety Disorders). In conclusion, I have found that many forms of the mental health disorder anxiety affects a large percent of the population young and old making their life hard and causing them to change their daily routines. Studies have shown that cognitive behavioral therapy have been very effective when treating social anxiety and generalized anxiety disorder (Facts & Statistics). Anxiety relapse is not uncommon, it can appear in all of the forms of anxiety. Relapse is caused by “trigger” symptoms, and it should not be ignored (Anderson).