Epilepsy is a neurological disorder marked by sudden recurring episodes of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness, or convulsions, associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Basically, when nerve cell activity is interrupted, seizures occur. Epilepsy is not limited to anyone. Everyone can have epilepsy, not everybody does, but anyone may have it. Epilepsy has no identifiable cause in most people with this condition. In other people, the condition may be traced by genetic influence, head trauma, brain conditions, infectious disease, prenatal injury, or developmental disorders. Some types of epilepsy, which are categorized by the type of seizure experienced or what part of the brain is affected, run in families. These cases are mainly linked to genetic influence. Head trauma, usually from a car accident or some other traumatic injury, can cause epilepsy. Brain conditions are one of the leading causes of epilepsy. Strokes are the leading cause of epilepsy to adults over the age of 35. Epilepsy can also be caused by diseases such as meningitis, AIDS, and viral encephalitis. Before birth, babies are very sensitive to brain damage that could be caused by infection of the mother, poor nutrition, or oxygen deprivation. Incidents like this could cause bother epilepsy and cerebral palsy. Epilepsy can also be linked with developmental disorders like autism, down syndrome, and neurofibromatosis. Epilepsy is caused by abnormal brain activity, so seizures can affect any and all of brain function. Symptoms of these seizures include: temporary confusion, a staring spell, uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs, loss of consciousness or awareness, and psychic symptoms like fear, anxiety, or deja vu. Symptoms will vary by what type of seizure has occurred. In most cases, someone with epilepsy will have the same type of seizure every time, so symptoms will be consistent. Doctors will classify seizures as focal or generalized seizures. Focal seizures are when the seizure is in just one area of the brain. This type of seizure falls into two categories: without loss of consciousness and with impaired awareness. The first being a seizure that only affects emotions, tastes, sounds, or involuntary movements. The second is usually when you’re awareness in blurry, the person will stare blankly into space or do repetitive movements. The other type of seizure is a generalized seizure. Six types of generalized seizures exist: absence, tonic, atonic, clonic, myoclonic, and tonic-clonic. All of these have different symptoms but affect the same regions of the brain. There are many ways to test for epilepsy. A few of them include a neurological test, blood test, electroencephalogram, CT scan, and a curry analysis. In a neurological test, a doctor will review the patient’s behavior, motor functions, and mental state to diagnose epilepsy. A doctor may take a blood test to look for signs of infection or disease. In an EEG, a doctor will place electrodes on the patient’s scalp to measure brain activity. A CT scan obtains cross section images of the brain to abnormalities in the brain. A curry analysis is when a doctor takes EEG data and projects it on an MRI to find out where occurrences originate. At this point in time, there are really only three ways to treat epilepsy: medication, surgery, and therapy. Doctors will prescribe anti seizure medication that helps subdue fatigue, dizziness, weight gain, speech problems, and more. In surgery, a surgeon will remove the affected area of the brain, if it is small enough that it won’t affect any other necessary functions. Therapies include electric nerve stimulation, and dieting. The nerve stimulation inhibits seizure around 20 to 40% of the time. The diet is mainly for children, it consists of high fat and low carbohydrates.