For living a tense moment in determining if

For more than fifty years, South Korea’s
foreign policy has been largely dominated by its diplomacy with the United
States and North Korea. The inter-Korean relations are marked by important tensions.
Indeed, a unique land boundary of 238 kilometers with permanent military
structures separates both countries. The United States plays an important role
in relations on the Korean peninsula: it is at the center of several military
and intelligence operations that influence Korean diplomacy. In addition, the
United States is South Korea’s largest trading partner, which constitutes an
important market for agricultural products from the United States.

Since a few decades there is a joint military
division between the United States and South Korea to carry out military
operations on the Korean peninsula. The Combined Forces Command was established
after the Korean War in 1978. The soldiers are authorized to conduct bilateral
military maneuvers with the aim of preventing an eventual North Korean
invasion. The control of whose maneuvers is something proper to the United States
for more than fifty years.

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These days, due to the increased nuclear tests
and ballistic missile launches coming from North Korea, South Korea and USA are
living a tense moment in determining if their alliance is strong enough to
deter North Korea, even though US has had an “aggressive deployment” by
overflights and us bombers. In reference to the repeated launches of ballistic
missiles by Pyongyang, the US president, Donald Trump said through the social
network Twitter: “North Korea is looking for trouble, if China decides to
help, that would be very good, if not, we will solve the problem without them
“. Given this, both countries need to rethink their complex deterrence
strategy.

DETERRENCE AND DIPLOMACY

The tension between US and North Korea has been
increasingly rising due to missile and nuclear tests from Pyongyang and
especially the argument between Kim Jong Un and President Donald Trump. But
after secretary of defense Mattis, visited with president Moon, he stated that
US cannot accept North Korea as a nuclear power and that it would much rather
weaken its security. The US and South Korean alliance is strong and as Mattis
stated, any military attack from the North against them or any of its allies
will have a significant and overwhelming response back. The alliance is by far
stronger in military terms compared to North Korea and diplomacy would be the
best option at hand. However CIA thinks that Pyongyang wants to have nuclear
weapons and diplomacy won’t be well received, therefore they are focusing more
on denuclearization.

 In a
joint statement by the Governments of the United States and the Republic of
South Korea, they affirmed that North Korea’s launch of nuclear ballistic
missiles is dangerous and destabilizing, as well as a threat to North Korea and
all the nations of the region and beyond. They say that these actions will not
alter the firm commitment of the United States and South Korea, in an alliance
to defend South Korea. They warn that the recent provocations and the
belligerent rhetoric of North Korea only lead the United States and the
Republic of Korea to work more closely to defend themselves and counteract this
serious threat. The president of South Korea, Moon Jae-in, said after the
launch of the hydrogen bomb that “Seoul will never allow North Korea to
continue advancing its nuclear and missile technologies.”

In line with the decision of President Donald Trump
and President Moon Jae-in to regularize the Expanded Deterrence Strategy and
Consultation Group (EDSCG), the foreign affairs and defense agencies of both
countries have approved a new framework for the group and have committed to an
EDSCG meeting in the near future. This codification underscores the commitment
of both countries to coordinate more closely among all the respective
governments to strengthen the Alliance’s position and strengthen the United
States’ commitment to widespread deterrence.

It should be noted that the guidelines
considered more left of the South Korean policy, with which the President, Moon
Jae-in was elected, were less conservative and more given to a dialogued exit,
however he has had to change the strategy due to the permanent threats, so it
has had to press for military strategies to put a stop to Kim Jong Un who, like
the Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, is in the same situation. But this,
with the pacifist Constitution of his country who is looking for more game for
the military and that is not only their role of self-defense, but of defense
against the threats of North Korea.

On the same side with CIA, South Korean
President Moon Jae-In recently said that military co-operation with the United
States and Japan is needed to counter the growing threat from North Korea, but
he is skeptical about a trilateral defense alliance.

South Korea, Japan and the United States
jointly decided to develop a military intelligence network between countries to
monitor North Korea’s potential nuclear tests. Thus, a trilateral agreement
entered into force between the three countries at the end of December 2014.
This agreement guarantees the sharing of military intelligence, especially
about the nuclear or ballistic threats made by North Korea.

Japan wants to gain a more prominent
international role in global military conflicts in recent years amid growing
China’s influence in Asia. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe announced he has
reconsidered his traditional pacifist stance on defense against threats from
the Pyongyang, which launched two ballistic missiles over Japanese territory in
recent months. North Korea’s military program is an unprecedented threat to the
United States, South Korea and Japan say the defense ministers of the three
countries. Moon Jae-In said he appreciated the 67-year alliance with the US,
and at the same time promised to step up diplomatic efforts with China to
peacefully resolve the situation in the Korean Peninsula.