I interest my lesson. I didn’t give aim

I think my first weakness in teaching
English to learners is that I can’t motivate learners to learning at the
beginning of the lesson so learners don’t focus on what I say. They don’t interest
my lesson. I didn’t give aim and objectives of lesson properly and I didn’t
make link between prior knowledge and new concepts so learners didn’t get the
aim of the lesson and are not motivated. I read some research papers about this
topic in order to improve my knowledge about motivation and learn how to
motivate students for learning.

According to Brophy, Students are
motivated more when they know what they will learn and they will succeed when
they give enough effort (1978). The importance of giving aim and objectives
before learning and through lesson are emphasized. When students are motivated
they will concentrate on their goals and they will modify their behavior in
order to achieve those goals. Thanks to motivation students can study on
something without hesitating. Consequently, success of students will increase.
They will be more willingly to complete their tasks. (Svinicki,2002). Higher
motivation to learn cause to better academic performance, greater understanding
(Gottfried, 2009).

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There are a lot of methods of
motivation into courses and connecting with students’ desire to succeed. One of
the important motivation method is defining course goals and help students
think about personal learning goals. Helping students understand why the course
is important, how it is structured, and how they can successfully complete it
needs for motivating students and satisfy them (Cross, 1998). Explanation of
goals for the course can include not only a summary of the knowledge which you
expect to students to master, but also expectations for their own participation
because research has shown that a teacher’s expectations have a powerful effect
on a student’s performance (Davis, 1997). Making use of students’ interests and
background knowledge is a considerable motivation method because every students
have different degrees of knowledge and different interests. Choosing
interesting topics and information which are worth learning will also attract
attention of students (McCombs,1991).

There are some ways of motivating
students in the classroom;

·        
Pair work or group work: One of the successful ways, if the
teacher skillful enough, to motivate his/her students to participate in the
lesson is pair work or group work. Learners have differences in mastering
skills. While one student is good in drawing, another can be good in expressing
ideas verbally and other one can be good at imitation. Therefore, learners can
help each other while working on different types of tasks (Brophy, 1987).

·        
Role play:
Using role-play activity is a good technique in order to motivate students and
to help the less motivated learners take part in the lesson.

Using realia, flashcards, stories and songs in
teaching:
Realia and flash cards are considered as important tools in teaching especially
a foreign language, because they have important