In an act is taking place and that

this paper, we consider deception as a deliberate act with the intent to
mislead others while the recipients are not made aware or expect that such an
act is taking place and that the goal of the deceiver is to transfer that false
belief to the deceived ones (Buller 1996; p. 203–242. & Ekman; 1997: p. 93–105).  A journalist job description is to research,
collect, write, assembles, proofread, edit and record new stories that are featured
in journals, articles that may be used on radio, television, in magazines and
newspapers. A journalist is the one who creates these stories to interest their
audiences and to keep them abreast of the events in the world.

Journalism’s Ethical Responsibility to Society

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     The ultimate mission of a journalist is to
provide dependable information to the public due to their honesty and
dedication. In their ethical responsibility to serve the public, they are in a position
to, tell the truth, because it is a journalist obligation to transmit only
truthful information. If the information that a journalist writes has a slant
to it, it changes the meaning of the truth. A journalist ows it to their public
true and honest work. I do believe
it is a journalist job to present the truth to their public. When a story has
been changed, it gives the viewer a distorted view of what is being written or
told. The public want to be informed with correct and truthful information on
political and social views. Knowing all journalist are not the same, we know
the information will be presented differently from journalist to
journalist, but it’s the truth and honesty what the public is searching for.
Because there are so many fabricated stories out there, it’s hard to tell the
fact from fiction. One way to know if the story is true is if the journalist
has been there to capture the information themselves, not second hand
information. If it is second hand information, they should have sources and
source information to validate the story. All the public is seeking for is mutual
understanding and information. But a reporter’s goal should
be to supply the public with accurate and reliable information they need
to function in a free society. For example, if a journalist is careless about
an accusation made, then he could face a defamation lawsuit because the
statement is untrue, or is it ethical for a journalist to write a piece of news
which the source is not reliable?

permissible in journalism

     Looking at deception from a journalist
prospective could probably be justified in their minds. But to answer the
question, is deception permissible in journalism, no! A journalist should never
deceive the public with incorrect information. I can’t think of a reason why a
reporter should deceive their audience about anything. That action is not
morally justifiable for any journalist. I read an article that says it is never
permissible under no circumstances to deceive someone of the truth. It stated
that honesty should be a universal ethical value that pertains to people
dealing with our professional and personal lives. We should be honest about
everything because it reflects who we are as a person. I have discovered in my
living that honesty has turned out to be the best policy.  Even on a normal level, when we communicate
with each other, we assume under the basic assumption that the truth is being
told. When we as individuals especially a reporter engages in the form of
deception, fabricating the truth changed the meaning of a story. For example, if
a journalist deception is pushing and making his/her way through a crowd to get
information on a crime scene, once he makes it to the front, he lies and
presents himself as a doctor to get through, or they pretend to be someone
other than themselves to gather information on the phone from a hospital or a
police department. This is a way that the journalist has deceived these
individuals in gaining information only certain people should have. So, the
best thing for a journalist is to practice the truth because they owe it to
their audience.

Ethical obligations do reporter have to their sources

     A journalist job is to serve the public,
and in doing so, they must follow the laws that are in place just like everyone
else, especially when it comes to privacy and confidentiality of interviews of
individuals.  For example, during an
interview, a journalist must make it known that they are recording the
conversation for accuracy per federal and state laws. Otherwise gathering the
information would be considered illegal without the person’s permission. Another
example, a journalist has the right to be truthful in their work which helps to
protect them and their sources. Next, to emphasizing the truth, a code of
ethics sends a strong message of loyalty to an audience which is a very
important. We know telling the truth is a major component of loyalty to a
source, but they must not forget who they serve.

Conditions a journalist ethically obligated to maintain

a journalist to get a story from various sources, they must give a guarantee of
confidentiality for the source to feel secure in providing information
requested. This has a lot of validity to it because sources can face a risky
liability for making information known to the press. When a source lets the
journalist know confidentiality is a requirement, journalists should let
sources know up front, there are no absolute protection, even if the journalist
would be willing to be locked up to protect them. And even after information
has been given to a journalist in good faith, the obligation for being
anonymous. But before a journalist receives information on a source, they
should be checked for credibility so they would know if the source a legitimate
source that they are receiving their information from. Finally, journalists who
have promised sources that they will have story approval need to refrain from
adding anything to stories after that approval (Pember-Calvert, p. 374).


     It is a journalist duty to provide the
truth in whatever they are publishing and not to deceive their audience with
false information. This information explains that journalists knows the law and
should explain it and make things very clear to their sources. “Whenever
controlled media are used, issues of objectivity and fairness may be raised if
no opposing views are heard” (Christians, Fackler, McKee & Woods, 2009. Pg.
225).  Finally, journalists who have
promised sources that they will have story approval need to refrain from adding
anything to stories after that approval (Pember-Calvert, p. 374). The most
important thing of all, ethical reporting requires all the fact and truthful
information available.