Introduction better addressed. Literature review past influencing the

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Introduction better addressed. Literature review past influencing the

Introduction

Education is a decisive factor plays a main role in
recognizing whether a country is moving towards development. English has become
an international language in modern world. 
In Sri Lanka, education is a major factor that plays a crucial role,
especially in the service industry. 
English proficiency helps the employability of graduates into both the
public and private sectors. Especially in the written and spoken skills of
graduates. A good English language skills increase graduates
employability.  Entry to the world of
work readiness which will allure the attention of employers. However there have
been continual complains from employers in Sri Lanka, especially in the service
sector that graduates on the threshold of employment lack proficiency in English
language skills, especially the spoken skill. Graduates from government
universities in Sri Lanka have proved their subject knowledge in
workplaces.  But, when compared with the
graduates from private universities, they are badly lacking in their English knowledge.
This issue let the employers with free choice when there is no real alternative
in employing graduates from private universities, therefore causing a major
social impact in the population which results from unemployment.

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To improve employability skills and English proficiency
amongst graduates is a critical point is being faced by policy makers,
graduates and employers alike. Research has indicated that is a serious
unemployment problem amongst graduates as a result of the lack of English skills
and proficiency. Globalization in the 21st century has connected the
world in every angle, whether cultural, social or political and other various
opportunities in every aspect. This research article is considering as a review
of literature which focusing on the theoretical norms of the employability of
graduates; provide insights as to how this pivotal issue could be better
addressed.

 

Literature review

past influencing the Present

According to the Adikaram (1979) the
point that university education in Sri Lanka should give prime concern to
improving all the sides of human life. In this situation, English is having a
main part in modern world as a combining force of international relationship
between nations. Lack of English competency amongst today’s Graduates in Sri
Lanka comes from the government change in the 1950s. In 1948, when Sri Lanka
gets their independence from the British, English was situated as the main
language amongst high society and a language has given honor and power in
society. English was the medium of primary, secondary and tertiary institutions
in Sri Lanka; English was the official language which was used to control all
business and government proceedings. After the change of government in 1956
Sinhala (official language in Sri Lanka) has established as the official
language. This was followed by the medium of instruction in schools and
universities being converted to Sinhala, and all private schools were
universities were absorbed into the education system that came under the government.
The significant   yet negative impact
that this political change had on universities is seen today, where a most of
graduates face an uphill task in securing employment despite their subject
knowledge competence, due to the fact that they lack  proficiency 
in English, and are therefore 
refused  by employers. In this 21st
century, the problem seems to have been arisen as a result of that, graduates
has rejected by employers as a result of a poor proficiency in English. Past
mistakes are still affecting the present. Government is struggling to find the
right solutions. Authorities whose responsible in the government needs to
implement new education reforms to enhance the performance in education sector
including primary, secondary and university levels by introducing new education
policy.  It will be a better solution for
graduate unemployment and the graduates who are not able to take part in develop
of the country. 

   

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