Introduction following is a thematic and critical

Introduction

 

 

Many studies indicated that smoking negatively impact students learning
such as (Jasim, S. M. (2009), Barzani, D (2005), Aden, B (2013)). Some of these
studies did many surveys and interview to reach the point when they can indicate
that smoking impact students learning. 
Smoking cigarettes are the process of inhaling burning tobacco, and
learning is the knowledge or skill acquired by instruction or study. However, some
studies indicate that smoking does have a negative impact on students learning.
And other studies disagree. The purpose of this literature review is to
identify the main themes that cut across studies.  The following is a thematic and critical
analysis of relevant literature that indicates a positive and negative impact
on students learning in one hand. On the other hand, the literature reviews
will critically analysis studies that indicate the negative impact of smoking
on students learning.

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Review of literature

The literature review will focus on the
last 15 years because most of the studies about the topic are recent. The literature
review is based on the examination of studies conducted nationally, regionally,
internationally. All studies will use the mixed method (surveys and interviews)
in the literature review. The study will analyze and identify the relationship
between smoking and students learning.

 

 

The following review will discuss the
impact of smoking on university students learning at the national level. All five
studies took place in Saudi Arabia. Most of the studies (Al Shamrani, Ahmad A (2012),
Mustafa, Ali A (2011), Al-Dossary, Ahlam F (2011), and Haqwi and Tamim (2014)) disagreed
that Smoking has a negative impact on students learning. In one of the studies,
both Haqwi and Tamim (2014) performed a study on 1876 students across four
universities in Saudi Arabia that found that 72.3% of students said that
smoking did not impact their learning. However, smoking can impact students in a
way that they cannot feel it until it’s too late. All of the four studies used
the mixed method.

This raises the question why does it seem
that smoking impact students learning negatively. While, after conducting
reviews at the national level it shows that smoking does not negatively impact
students learning.

The following review will discuss the
impact of smoking on university students learning at the regional level. All
five studies (Jasim, S. M.(2009), Barzani, D (2005), Aden, B (2013), Al-Houqani,
M (2012), Jazieh, A. R (2015)) were conducted in the Middle East countries. An important
factor when analyzing does smoking impact students learning or not is trying to
know or understand the ways that smoking impacts students learning. However,
all the five studies (Jasim, S. M.(2009), Barzani, D (2005), Aden, B (2013),
Al-Houqani, M (2012), Jazieh, A. R (2015)) showed that there is a negative
impact of smoking on students learning. The method used in all studies is the mixed
method.

Regional level studies showed that
smoking has a negative impact on students learning. From my point of view, it
actually makes sense, because there are strong arguments and statistics that
support the result.     

The following review will discuss the
impact of smoking on university students learning at the international level. After
reviewing all five studies (Grekin, Emily, R. (2015), Ragan, Daniel T (2016), Horton,
K (2013), Chizimuzo, T (2014), Sidani, J (2017)) the findings are smoking have
a negative impact on students learning. Furthermore, Grekin, Emily, R. (2015)
did a study about the relationship between smoking cigarettes and university
students learning, that take place in New York in 2008, that study showed that
65% of students who participated in the survey agreed that smoking does
negatively impact their learning. Also, a study conducted in UCLA University in
Los Angeles by Chizimuzo, T (2014) found that there is a huge number of
students felt that they are not the same when it comes to their learning after
becoming smokers. All five studies used the mixed method.

This leads to further questions about the
relationship between smoking and students learning. However, all the international
level studies agreed that smoking does have a negative impact on students
learning.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the purpose of this review was to find the
relationship between smoking and students learning within the past 15 years. Most
of the reviewed studies indicate that there is a relationship between smoking
and students learning. However, there is no one final decision there is a conflict
some studies (Jasim, S. M.(2009), Barzani, D (2005), Aden, B (2013),
Al-Houqani, M (2012), Jazieh, A. R (2015), Grekin, Emily, R. (2015), Ragan,
Daniel T (2016), Horton, K (2013), Chizimuzo, T (2014), Sidani, J (2017)) say
that smoking has a negative impact on students learning and other studies (Al
Shamrani, Ahmad A (2012), Mustafa, Ali A (2011), Al-Dossary, Ahlam F (2011),
and Haqwi and Tamim (2014)) disagree. The literature review shows that there is
a gap especially in the context of Saudi Arabia, when none of the studies, to
my knowledge had a decisive contrition to how smoking impact students learning.
The purpose of this study is to address this gap. This research will address
this gap through the following questions to what extent and in what way does
smoking cigarettes impact university students learning.