Language learning studies help
students in developing their second language proficiency. There are six
language learning strategies which are memory, cognitive, compensation,
metacognitive, affective, and social domains. The impact on learning strategies
on ESL secondary school learners is that it enhances their English proficiency,
boosts students’ confidence in classroom participation, enhance use of learning
strategies, develop speaking skills and improve effective reading.
strategies is important in order to shape independent ESL students. (P241)- P
order to facilitate the whole process of acquisition, storage, retrieval, or
using linguistic information, the students need practice the learning
strategies (Oxford and Crookall, 1989). (P)
impact of learning strategies is it can enhance the students’ comprehension and
the students will keep on learning using the learning strategies (O’Malley and
Chammot, 1990). (P)
using the strategies, learners got the chance to learn by themselves (Abdul
Razak et. al, 2012). (P)
from that, learners will get more time to fully understand the subject matters.
students and teachers will be more successful if more learning take place as
the students are encouraged to take more responsibility (Oxford, 1990). (P)
b. Supporting details 2:
Learning strategies can trace the weakness and strength of the students.
have the opportunity to train their less capable students to be more
independent and competent throughout the learning process (Oxford, 1990) (P)
strategies used by effective learners can be used by the teacher to teach the
weak students to become more effective in future. (P)
understanding in the reading comprehension can be developed through learning
is crystal clear that, strategies can be applied to students in order to help
students to learn faster no matter whether they are low proficiency second
language learners or less successful students (Ganakumaran, 2003)
as a way to boost up students’ motivation, confidence and active participation
remains the free flow of the ideas (Unin, 2016). (P)
students get managed to point out ideas as many they can within that particular
of time during the lesson learning process (Unin, 2016). (P)
of the ideas given by the students cannot be accepted, yet it is still can lead
to more useful ideas (Unin, 2016). (P)
brainstorming activities can be used by the teachers so that there will be
having interaction between one and another student regarding to topic they
learn at that time (Unin, 2016). (P)
students felt high-motivated every time the brainstorming activities conducted
in the classroom.
the students were given a chance to speak in English, they were more engaged
during the sessions took place. (p.610)
were divided into small in order to motivate the students to speak more and
active in the discussion. (p.610)
teacher asked the students to form groups consist of four to five persons per
group. Later, the students were asked to continue the ideas of the story based
on the first line story given by their teacher.
was found that, other students would help their friends who kept silent and not
active in the group by motivating them.
The increasing of
level of self esteem will keep growing to those who were active in
participating the brainstorming sessions. (p.610)
the sessions, almost all of the students took part and contributed their
thoughts without any hesitation. (p.610)
was so excited to continue and add the story based on whatever they liked. Most
importantly, each of the students really enjoyed in sharing their ideas toward
can be concluded that story-telling is one of the most effective ways in order
to boost up the students’ level of confidence.
Students were active in
taking part for every lesson.
the activities were conducted, the students from the advances and intermediate
groups can speak in English naturally and fluently.
Enhance the learning strategies of the students.
Supporting details 1:
strategies help the students to have a better understanding while reading
The students get managed to figure out the ideas while reading the texts,
how they make sense of what is read and they can even detect what they do not
understand regarding the subject matter (Block, 1989).
The reading strategies help the students to identify the meaning of a
word from the texts by guessing its meaning, and able to summarize the whole
Learners can restore and
recover new information where it develops their memory strategies at the same
One of the best ways to remember what someone has read is by using
Another way for learners to instill what they have learnt in their mind
is by combining sounds and images.
Supporting details 3:
strategies help the students will be able to understand new language by many
If one does not sure the meaning of certain words, they can understand it
better by repeating the words.
One of the cognitive strategies is by looking up the words through
Cognitive strategies require the learners to understand the meaning
regarding to what they read or convey other messages in the new language.
Supporting details 4:
can support and manage reading without directly involving the target language.
This strategy tests on the speed of reading of the students.
The readers can slow down their reading if they found the text is hardly
to comprehend. Students can take a deep breathe if they found the text is
hardly to understand, so that the anxiety level could be lowered.