Memory: the place that they have saved

Memory: Behind the
Scene

Memorizing is categorized a way of
learning because the process of absorbing knowledge needs an essential stage to
encode the new information and put it somewhere in a human’s brain. When people
want to use the information that they have learned, they need to go back to the
place that they have saved their information in and retrieve them. This is how
memory becomes magnificently important in every creature. Psychologically,
“memory” is the persistence of learning over time through encoding, storage,
and retrieval of information. According to Atkinson Shiffrin, a new stored
piece of memory processed through three stages: sensory memory, short-term
memory, and long-term memory (Myers, 2015, p.320). Before a particular piece of
information either consciously or unconsciously is recalled, it needs to be
recognized by a quick “snapshot” as a fleeting that stimulates a person. This
stimulus plays an important role in a modified three-stage processing model of
memory. It is like a driver beeps the horn at a crossing deer to stop it
getting hit by his car in the middle of a very dark night. The briefly stimulus
at the beginning of recalling information is sensory memory. How does sensory
memory work, and why is it so important? The signal that is transferred to the
brain when a person perceiving an experience through his/her five senses:
smell, taste, touch, sight, and hearing. After these stimuli capture the
signal, the brain where the memory is stored is activated, and the information
is retrieved. This activation is just a transition from sensory memory to
short-term memory because stimuli don’t last long. They just work as a doorbell
to let people know that they have visitors.

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Sensory memory lasts three or four
seconds at most, but why do people need to have that sensory memory to pass the
information to the next stages either short-term memory or long-term memory?
Imagine when a person will not be able to use one of his senses to recognize
information about environments or in other word, the brain cannot store any
sensory information that is linked to the occurred events, a person wouldn’t
have any records to encode into a memory. Therefore, sensory memory is
instrumental. It doesn’t have the same functions as short-term and long-term
memory or have a responsibility to hold onto any specific memory consciously.
The reason is that sensory memory provides details which suggest where the
brain can get the stored information. It is definitely not a working memory
because the process of encoding of input information does not happen at this
stage. Sensory memory will pay attention to the signals from sensations to make
a connection to the memory storage, then the attention will be encoded into
working memory. Additionally, working memory is a stage where memory rehearses
to be remembered in the long run. The senses are stored to siren the brain, but
they do not focus on conscious, active processing of incoming auditory and
visual-spatial information (Myers, 2015, p.321).

Sensory memory allows the brain to
focus the attention that brings details related to the memories. Is it
important to improve the attention development? The attention will complete
sensory memory processes even if the senses subconsciously recall stored
information. if a person does not perceive anything, memories will not exist.
Paying attention and taking control of actions intentionally help better
improving sensory memory. A memory retrieval usually fails or constructs as
misinformation if sensory memory is misled by wrong visual or auditory evidence,
such as a photoshopped/fake image of a counterfeit event or a made-up sound. Sensory
memory is a key of learning as well as memorizing knowledge, for instance, echoic
memory (audio memory) could negatively or positively affect the development in learning
languages. For these reasons, sensory memory plays a critical role in the process
of retrieving memories as it retains impressions can register many pieces of information
in later stages.