Most in 1922 and sentenced to 6 years
Most people, if you ask them who said this quote would tell you Gandhi, and they are right. However, they may not know the entirety of the accomplishments the man behind these powerful words achieved. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma, by his many followers, was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India. At the age 19 he left his home to study law in London. Gandhi returned to India in 1891 and acquired a job that relocated him to South Africa where he lived with his wife, Kasturbai, and their children, for 20 years. Because he was an Indian Immigrant, Gandhi experienced much discrimination in South Africa. The way Indian immigrants were treated appalled him. At one point, on a train ride to Pretoria, Gandhi was asked to give up his first class seat and refused; because of this, he was beaten. This event led Gandhi to begin teaching a concept to passively resist athouritys known as satyagraha (“truth and firmness”), or passive resistance. In 1906 Gandhi started a civil disobedience campaign that lasted for eight years, and eventually led to the recognition of Indian marriages and the abolition of poll tax for Indians; However, this only happened after Gandhi and hundreds of other Indians were arrested. In 1914, Gandhi returned to India where he continued to passively fight for Indian rights and by 1920 he was considered “the most visible figure in the movement for Indian independence.” (History.com Staff)Gandhi stressed the importance of economic independence and believed strongly in an ascetic lifestyle which is based on prayer, fasting, and meditation. Gandhi created a massive organization out of the independence movement. He lead boycotts against British manufacturers and institutions, such as legislatures and schools, that represented British influence in India; always stopping when things became violent. He was arrested in 1922 and sentenced to 6 years in prison. In 1930, when the government’s tax on salt was greatly affecting India’s poorest citizens, Gandhi started a new civil disobedience campaign. A couple years later, Gandhi led hunger strikes to protest the way India’s poorest classes were treated. In 1934, Gandhi retired from politics to concentrate on his work in rural communities. After World War II he led more hunger strikes, the first urgeing Hindus and Muslims to live peacefully together, the second to bring peace to the city of Delhi. On January 30, 1948, 12 days after his fast for the city of Delhi had ended, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was shot and killed by a Hindu fundamentalist.In conclusion, Gandhi was one of the most inspiring, influential, and peacemaking people to have walked the earth. Through passive resistance and civil disobedience, Gandhi not only helped thousands of Indians during is life, but his words and actions have and will continue to help millions of people.