Nneka world. It is currently growing at an

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Nneka world. It is currently growing at an

Nneka Emeagwali Chemist Project Mrs. FlannoryPeriod 6/7Huang MinglongOrganic Chemist and Pharmaceutical ScientistHuang Minglong, also spelt as ??? in traditional Chinese, was born on July 3, 1898 in the Yangzhou, Jiangsu province in China. During this time period, China was facing many difficulties and issues, such as the First Sino- Japanese War of 1895, which resulted in the loss of thousands of citizens. Despite being born a couple of years after a detrimental war and into a time of distress, Minglong was able to prosper into a phenomenal scientist. In 1918, he graduated from Zhejiang University School of Medicine which is known to be one of the most elite schools in Asia. Six years later in 1924, Minglong received his PhD from a widely recognized research university in Germany. The Free University of Berlin, often referred to as FU Berlin, is known for its research on humanities, social sciences, natural and life sciences. This connects to Minglong’ s field of expertise. He is known to be an exceptional organic chemist and pharmaceutical scientist.  He is also titled to be the ” founder of the modern pharmaceutical industries in China.” China has the second largest pharmaceutical market in the world. It is currently growing at an annual growth rate of 9.1% which means that by 2020 this industry is expected to be worth $167 billion. Considering that the pharmaceutical market consists of around 5,000 drug manufacturers, a large number of Chinese citizens are provided with jobs therefore allowing them to provide for their family and loved ones. Huang Minglong is also known for another amazing achievement. He created the Huang Minglong Modification, also known as the Huang Modification, in 1945 which allows organic scientist to take a shortcut when utilizing the Wolff- Kishner Reduction. The Wolff- Kishner Reduction is a method used for turning aldehydes and ketones into alkanes. Normally, scientists would have to turn the aldehydes or ketones into a hydrazone with a hydrazine. Then they would have turn a hydrazone into an alkane using a base and heat. Nonetheless, after the creation of the Wolff- Kishner Reduction, which is essentially a combination of both reactions, scientists were able to turn ketones and aldehydes into alkanes in a simpler manner. However, when Minglong created the Huang Minglong Modification it provided people with an easy shortcut to the Wolff-Kishner Reduction by using a one pot synthesis to heat the ethylene glycol with carbonyl compound, potassium hydroxide, and hydrazine hydrate together inside the liquid. This was a great feat for the organic chemist. Due to the creation of this synthesis, he received a large amount of recognition. His creation was considered to be the first synthesis to be named after a Chinese man. Minglong continued on as an educator, teaching in many colleges and schools worldwide. After teaching at Harvard University for about 7 years, he travels back to China where he becomes Head of the Department of Chemistry at the Academy of Military Medical Sciences of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army.  He then goes on to publish dozens of papers both in English and Chinese. Even after Minglong dies on July 1, 1979, we still refer to him and recognize him as an extremely talented organic chemist and pharmaceutical scientist. Works CitedLibretexts. “Wolff-Kishner Reduction.” Chemistry LibreTexts. Libretexts, 07 Sept. 2017. Web. 20 Dec. 2017. Revolvy, LLC. “”Huang Minglong”.” Revolvy. Revolvy, n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2017. .Sydnes, Magne O. “One-Pot Reactions: A Step Towards Greener Chemistry.” Http://www.eurekaselect.com. N.p., 31 Aug. 2014. Web. 20 Dec. 2017. .Wade, Leroy G. “Ethylene Glycol.” Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 30 Oct. 2017. Web. 20 Dec. 2017. .



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