Obesity has become a serious issue that can

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Obesity has become a serious issue that can

 

 

 

 

 

 

Obesity
in America

Sabrina
I. Hartwell

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Embry-Riddle
Aeronautical University

 

Obesity in America

Obesity in America has become a serious issue that can be
avoided with many different solutions. Obesity has become one
of the biggest health concerns in communities across America, with about
seventy-percent of county officials ranking it as a leading problem where they
live. Doctors
and nutritionists determine the classification of a person’s weight by their BMI
or body fat based on their height and weight. Research by the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention show obesity being at the highest rate ever
recoded in the United States.

Obesity is medically defined
as having a body-mass index (BMI) of more than thirty. Doctors and
nutritionists determine the classification of a person’s weight by their BMI or
body fat based on their height and weight, then classify them as either
underweight, healthy weight, over weight or obese. Obesity is one of
the biggest health concerns in communities across America, with about 70
percent of county officials ranking it as a leading problem where they live. Unfortunately, millions of Americans die annually from
obesity leading to high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke and diabetes.

Research by the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show obesity being at the highest
rate ever recoded in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention reveal that almost forty-percent of American Adults and about
twenty-percent of children are obese, making the U.S. the highest rated ever
recorded for obesity. Overall, that leads to seventy-percent of Americans being
either overweight or obese, making unhealthy weight the norm. Aside from all
the research, there are no definite answers on what exactly is driving
Americans to this weight problem, only theories and conclusions. One problem however, are that healthy foods are usually more
expensive and less available in some neighborhoods, finding accessible places
and having time to be active can be challenging for many.
That leaves more than eighty-percent of Americans not
eating enough vegetables and more than seventy-percent not eating enough fruit.

Generally,
people are classified as either underweight, healthy weight, over weight or
obese, based on their BMI. The obesity issue has cost
our country more than $150 billion in healthcare costs annually and
billions of dollars more in lost productivity. The effects of obesity are complex and include individual,
social and environmental factors, but it’s clear that most Americans do not eat
enough healthy food or get enough physical activity. Unfortunately, fewer than half of American adults meet
national aerobic guidelines for physical fitness. Physical and social
environments also play a role in the obesity epidemic. Communities made for
transportation by cars, jobs that require hours of sitting and entertainment
options that revolve around watching a screen all encourage a stationary
lifestyle.

The increase in
weight continues in young Americans, resulting in a concern for long-term
health. Yet obesity remains a bigger
threat to our health and nation now than it was a generation ago. If trends
continue, children today could be the first generation to live shorter, less
healthy lives than their parents. Obesity
rates have doubled among adults and more than tripled among children since the
1980s. Children who are overweight or obese are at greater risk for high blood
pressure, type 2 diabetes and heart disease. The longer children are overweight or obese, the more likely they
are to remain so into adulthood. The increase in weight continues in young Americans, making it a
concern for long-term health. From the age groups of 2-5, 5-11, and 12-19, one
in five are considered obese and not just overweight. According to a World
Health Organization report, over the past four decades, the discoveries on
child obesity has increased around the world. With childhood obesity, children
have a higher risk to stay overweight and the possibility of early death in
adulthood.

 

Overall, the
activity level has decreased over the years, but another possible reason could
be linked to sleep deprivation. Approximately 50-70 million Americans suffer
from sleep disorders, according to recent research. Sleep deprivation can lead
people to be too tired for physical activities and exercise, leading to an
increase of calorie intake and hormonal changes. There has also been a rise in
fast food purchases that correlate to the rise of body mass and the consumption
of added sugars in soda and energy drinks. Most
Americans exceed the recommended levels of solid fats, added sugar and sodium. Nearly
about forty-nine percent of American adults drink a sugar sweetened beverage daily.

There are also several
different options to decrease the effects of unhealthy lifestyles, but not very
many Americans are willing to make the change. There are several different
options that are provided to decrease the effects of unhealthy diets and a lack
of exercise. One of the main reasons for an unhealthy diet are the cheap and
highly processed food that is easily accessible. In response, health officials have been creating
ideas to counter the trends. Researchers
discovered that very few Americans, specifically females are trying to lose
weight. In response, health officials have been creating ideas to counter
the trends. Weight loss programs are
available to all that are interested, along with healthy eating food choices
and counseling.

There have been signs of progress, but the increase in weight continues in young Americans,
resulting in a concern for long-term health. Even though there are tons of
different ways to reduce or prevent weight gain, many Americans choose not make
the effort.

 

References

Gussone, F. America’s Obesity Epidemic Reaches
Record High. NBC News. Retrieved (2018,
Jan 19) from https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/america-s-obesity-epidemic-reaches-record-high-new-report-says-n810231

Why are Americans Obese? Public Health. Retrieved (2018, Jan 19) from http://www.publichealth.org/public-awareness/obesity/

Obesity Rates and Trends Overview. The State of Obesity. Retrieved from https://stateofobesity.org/obesity-rates-trends-overview/

Raby, J., (2017, September 01). American
Obesity Report. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved
from http://www.chicagotribune.com/lifestyles/health/ct-obese-america-report-20170901-story.html

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