Procrastination for procrastination was the highest in the

Procrastination is a relevant and pressing everyday issue in the lives of students everywhere. When one thinks of procrastination, they tend to think of a bad student putting of their homework, because they simply don’t care.There are many different reasons to why people procrastinate, whether it’s because of their level of motivation or because of the way they were raised. The ultimate reason people procrastinate is because they don’t want to complete the task they need to complete in that moment. Although procrastination is viewed as laziness with a negative connotation, that isn’t always the case. The way you view yourself is a big factor in the amount someone procrastinates. According to Chen, Shi, and Wang from the department of Psychology at Fudan University in Shanghai, China, the relationship between how someone views themselves and the amount they procrastinate are directly related . They concluded that lower self esteem leads to students fear of exclusion and/or rejection to be higher. In turn this leads students to be more susceptible to deviant social groupings, which was linked to higher levels of problem behavior. Problem behavior directly affects procrastination levels in students. They found that “self-esteem indirectly and negatively affected procrastination through resistance to peer influence” (Chen et.al). Social pressures  and peer influence from colleagues can be a big reason why students are delaying their obligations. Especially as a young adult when your peers mean so much to you. Fig. 1. Chen, Shi and Wang. “Do Peers Matter? Resistance to Peer Influence as a Mediator between Self-Esteem and Procrastination among Undergraduates” Frontiers in Psychology, 2016. PowerSearch, Accessed 16 Jan. 2017. Web. Yes there are cases when people purely do procrastination to delay the feeling of stress, or simply because they don’t have enough motivation especially in the domains of academics and Work. According to Klingsieck in his academic journal on procrastination in different life domains procrastination in general is most common in these domains. In his study, the mean and standard deviation for procrastination was the highest in the domains of work and academics. Below that was everyday routines and obligations. These results are most likely due to the fact that these domains are where people experience the most stress and are the least motivated.  When other factors aren’t amidst people procrastinate to simply put off the feeling of stress or anxiety and experience short term contentment. There may be more pressing reasons to why a student is procrastinating, then just laziness and family might be one of them. Procrastination has been proven to be dependant on family, school and personal variables. Family especially ” plays an essential role in the acquisition of suitable habits” (Rosário et.al). For example in a family that is critical, or doubts their child’s ability to succeed, the child may put more stress on themselves and procrastinate more. The child will likely feel obligated to get their approval, causing stress and a delaying of tasks. The study that observed “Academic Procrastination and its Associations with Personal, School, and Family Variables” in the Spanish Journal of Psychology compared the students procrastination means and standard deviations with different variables. Students whose parents received lower levels of education, such as a highschool diploma or lower showed higher levels of procrastination. Students with more siblings showed higher levels of procrastination as well. Finally the grade of the student affected the amount that child procrastinated. Students procrastinate more at higher grade levels, where tasks are harder and where students experience more stress in school. No matter the reason for procrastinating, it may not be as bad as it seems.  Procrastination has been described by Michael O’Driscoll, a professor of arts at University of Alberta, with a Phd, Masters, and Bachelor Honors degree as a byproduct of the child’s “positive drive toward perfectionism” . It has also been described as a “condition of knowledge and creativity” ; the most creative people tend to procrastinate more. Finally procrastination was described “as a philosophical stance toward questions of temporality and the future”(O’Driscoll). Procrastination, cannot just simply be put off as an everyday occurrence that just happens to people with no motivation. It is important for people to be able to understand that there may be other reasons for procrastination that aren’t necessarily easy to see.