Question individuals’ characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and

Question 1: Personality, personality
traits and how they affect organisations.

 

To start
off with I will talk about myself and my personality type, in the provided test
I turned out to be an Introverted iNtuitive Thinking Judging type of
personality.

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INTJs
are knows to be perfectionists, for the outsiders they seem to be definitive
and self-confident. To sum up they are what they know, and they are very
certain about what they don’t know. They are often regarded as system builders.
Some of the jobs they do often includes; – sciences and engineering, – law,
-management and – marketing.

 

What is meant by personality?

The
individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and
behaving. There are plenty of ways to describe and explain what a personality
is.

I will list a couple
of definitions from various different psychologists on how they define
personality; 

“That
which permits a prediction of what a person will do in a given
situation.” -Raymond B. Cattell, 1950
“The
dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems
that determine his characteristic behaviour and thought.” -Gordon W.
Allport, 1961
“The
distinctive patterns of behaviour (including thoughts and well as
‘affects,’ that is, feelings, and emotions and actions) that characterize
each individual enduringly.” -Walter Mischel, 1999
“Personality
refers to individuals’ characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behaviour,
together with the psychological mechanisms — hidden or not — behind
those patterns.” -Funder, 2001
“Although no single definition is acceptable to all
personality theorists, we can say that personality is a pattern of relatively
permanent traits and unique characteristics that give both consistency and
individuality to a person’s behaviour.” -Feist and Feist, 2009

Why Personality is important in
organizations?

Personality
is important in organisations in several ways, one is to have fit between the job
and the person. You do not want to give a job to a person who would not like
the job or will not succeed in. The other one is fit between the person and the
organisation. A person who wouldn’t fit into an organisations culture and
personality will not result in a good outcome for both the person and the organisation.

 

How personality can be classified?

There
is a lot of ways to measure and categorise personality.

One
of them is the five-factor model;

It
consists of five major parts

1-    
Openness
to Experience: Basically, talks about people who are interested in new things and
experiencing them. And People who are flexible in thinking.

2-    
Conscientiousness:
Talks about the people who are interested in details and who are diligent and
dutiful.

3-    
Extraversion/Introversion:
Probably the most recognizable personality trait. They are socially assertive
and gain energy from performing for and interacting with others. Introverts
draw energy from reflection and tend to prefer working alone or in small
groups. 

4-    
Agreeableness:
This is the level of friendliness of the person compared to hostility that person
tends to display when communicating with others. Those who are more agreeable tend
to be more trusting and modest whereas those who are low, are more suspicious
and oppositional. 

5-    
Emotional
Stability: The ones who are more emotionally stable tends to demonstrate
negative emotions less and are generally pleasant and tend to be resistant to
stress.

 

Discussing whether personality measures
can be useful for managers.

Personality measures can be very helpful for managers especially
when choosing the right person for the organisation and also for the job. Which
person to assign for which tasks to be productive and efficient.

To sum up, we see that personality and organisations
should and is very connected and needs to work in harmony. This was true for
earlier days and will be true in the future and it will not change even in the
days of artificial intelligence, in my opinion even the artificial intelligence
will have their personality. Without personality there will not be any
character in the intelligence itself.