Socio-Economic Limits for Ø American Markets In

Socio-Economic
development is one of the important factor which determines the status of any
country. One such socio-economic development factor is Telecommunication. In
recent past, Telecommunication is recognized to play a major role in
development of any country. At present, India is among the top three of largest
and one of the fastest growing telecom markets in the world. According to
survey, telecom industry in India has grown from a teledensity1 of
 in March,  to  in February, . As of April, , it has increased to . This shows the intensive
use of telecommunication in India. Equivalently, to continue uninterrupted
services, the telecom towers installed must operate at proper frequencies
emitting Electro-Magnetic Radiation (EMR). These EMR, must provide us a good
experience, at the same time must not be hazardous to our health.  The following debate deals with emission of
EMR for tele-industry, their health concern (for humans and animals) and
limits. Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) is the factor used to determine the
health effects arising for EMR. It is the measure of the rate at which energy
is absorbed by the human body when exposed to a RF Electromagnetic field. SAR
is defined as the power absorbed per unit mass of tissue and expressed as watts/kilogram
.

It measures exposure to fields between  and . It provides a straightforward means for measuring the
RF exposure characteristics to ensure that they are within the safety limits
set by Federal Communication Commission (FCC).

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FCC Limits
for

Ø  American
Markets

In American Markets, FCC sets the localized SAR limit for public
exposure to be  averaged over  gram of tissue. In simplest form, for any
wireless handset to receive FCC certification and be sold in American markets,
the maximum SAR level must not exceed of unit mass
tissue.

Ø  Indian
Markets

Until , India followed
European SAR limits. According to this, the localized SAR limit for public
exposure was set to  averaged over 10-gram of tissue. But after the
new reforms introduced by the Telecom regulatory, India shifted from European
SAR limits to American SAR limits.

According to Indian Telecom Regulation, “The mobile handsets with existing
designs which are compliant with  averaged over  grams of human tissue,
continue to co?exist up to  Aug. . From  Sept. , only the mobile handsets with revised SAR value of  would be permitted to be manufactured
or imported in India ”
2

1  The number of telephone connections for every
hundred individuals living within an area

2  http://www.dot.gov.in/sites/default/files/advertisement_0.pdfSocio-Economic
development is one of the important factor which determines the status of any
country. One such socio-economic development factor is Telecommunication. In
recent past, Telecommunication is recognized to play a major role in
development of any country. At present, India is among the top three of largest
and one of the fastest growing telecom markets in the world. According to
survey, telecom industry in India has grown from a teledensity1 of
 in March,  to  in February, . As of April, , it has increased to . This shows the intensive
use of telecommunication in India. Equivalently, to continue uninterrupted
services, the telecom towers installed must operate at proper frequencies
emitting Electro-Magnetic Radiation (EMR). These EMR, must provide us a good
experience, at the same time must not be hazardous to our health.  The following debate deals with emission of
EMR for tele-industry, their health concern (for humans and animals) and
limits. Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) is the factor used to determine the
health effects arising for EMR. It is the measure of the rate at which energy
is absorbed by the human body when exposed to a RF Electromagnetic field. SAR
is defined as the power absorbed per unit mass of tissue and expressed as watts/kilogram
.

It measures exposure to fields between  and . It provides a straightforward means for measuring the
RF exposure characteristics to ensure that they are within the safety limits
set by Federal Communication Commission (FCC).

FCC Limits
for

Ø  American
Markets

In American Markets, FCC sets the localized SAR limit for public
exposure to be  averaged over  gram of tissue. In simplest form, for any
wireless handset to receive FCC certification and be sold in American markets,
the maximum SAR level must not exceed of unit mass
tissue.

Ø  Indian
Markets

Until , India followed
European SAR limits. According to this, the localized SAR limit for public
exposure was set to  averaged over 10-gram of tissue. But after the
new reforms introduced by the Telecom regulatory, India shifted from European
SAR limits to American SAR limits.

According to Indian Telecom Regulation, “The mobile handsets with existing
designs which are compliant with  averaged over  grams of human tissue,
continue to co?exist up to  Aug. . From  Sept. , only the mobile handsets with revised SAR value of  would be permitted to be manufactured
or imported in India ”
2

1  The number of telephone connections for every
hundred individuals living within an area

2  http://www.dot.gov.in/sites/default/files/advertisement_0.pdf