Sudbury-Wayland-Lincoln For girls, adolescence may result in

(2008) believe that children who are raised in abusive homes learn that
violence is an effective way to resolve conflicts and problems. Witnessing such
behaviors may have them wanting to replicate the violence they have been
exposed to as children in their teen and adult relationships and parenting
experiences. Studies have also shown that boys who witness their mother’s abuse
are more likely to batter their female partners as adults than boys raised in
nonviolent homes. For girls, adolescence may result in the belief that threats
and violence are the norm in relationships. Additional findings revealed that
households with incidents of domestic violence were characterized by other
significant risk factors for children as well, including living in poverty,
living in female-headed households, and having primary care providers with less
than a high school education (Russo, Moylan, Sousa, Tajima, 2010, p. 53)

         There are many potential effects of
children’s exposure to domestic violence and its relationship to
traumatization. The short-term effects of domestic violence on children causes
immediate reactions that may include sleeplessness, nightmares, increased
aggression, difficulty concentrating, and generalized anxiety. It was mentioned
before, but not all children are exposed to violence and are affected equally
or in the same ways. Some may not be affected at all, but these responses that
we notice in children should be addressed as soon as the symptoms present
itself. The long-term effects it has on children, especially if the child is
experiencing chronic exposure to the violence and it may include physical
health problems, behavior problems in adolescence (alcohol, substance abuse,
juvenile delinquency), and emotional difficulties in adulthood (depression,
anxiety disorders, PTSD) (Cohodes, Chen, Lieberman, 2017, p. 1832).

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