The $34.6billion in renewable energy development in 2009
The Delegate of China strongly recommends UNEP to urge delegates to discuss on appropriatemeasures to develop renewable energy and to secure energy independence through global partnership.Since the late 1990s, environmental problems, such as global warming and climate change, have beenrecognized as one of the most urgent and significant global issues. The perspective on this issue shifted frommerely a scientific issue to a global development issue over the past years. One of the most significantcontributors to global warming and climate change is the usage of coals and fossil fuels. Therefore, severalnations, both developed and developing, have been working actively to develop and increase reliance onrenewable energy.Unfortunately, these efforts on developing renewable energy does not seem to be producing muchsuccessful results in the status quo. According to The New York Times article in 2010, China invested $34.6billion in renewable energy development in 2009 alone. However, the country’s renewable energy source is stillonly contributing to 7% of the total energy usage as referred from China Energy Statistical Yearbook 2011.China is not the only case. Many other countries are still struggling on setting the priority between the energysustainability growth and the individual nation’s economic development. This makes cooperation betweencountries even harder as seen from U.S.’s withdrawal from the Paris Accord where Mr. Trump pulled Americaout from the agreement because it was going to be an ‘economic harm’ to the country. The cooperation andagreements between different nations with different values, different mindset and different culture can only behard but without transnational effort, it will just be a zero game because all nations share the same planet Earth.In the recent decades, People’s Republic of China have been suffering from severe environmentaldeterioration and pollution. The nation is going through serious air pollution even currently and the pollution isbringing harm not only to them, but also to the neighboring countries such as Korea. According to World Bank’sreport, 16 of the world’s 20 most populated cities are in China. Not to mention, the water pollution and theheavy metal pollution. According to the archive “China’s decade plan for water”, 40% of rivers are alreadypolluted by industrial agricultural waste.In response to the situation, China has recently been working to implement policies and developmentto expand the clean energy industries. Now, China is the leading investor in renewable energy andcommercialization and also the major manufacturer of renewable energy technology. Ever since energy growthsurpassed economic growth in 2002, it has been investing heavily in local-scale renewable energy projects. Onenotable evidence is the National Climate Change Program report published in 2007. It provided acomprehensive list of policies that China currently has in place that are serving to curb its greenhouse gasemissions and adapt to climate impacts.Despite the effort, China continues to rely on coal for more than two-thirds of energy needs becauseits overwhelming population growth as the world’s most populous country. It is now working to find efficientand effective solutions for the future. Below are some of the solutions:1) Having a substantial shift away from coal and instead working for renewable energy developmentregardless of the economic disadvantages.2) Putting in massive investments in capturing carbon dioxide emissions from coal based energy sourcesince it is impossible to remove coal as a energy source.3) Maximizing efficiency and minimizing the amount of coal used to eventually curb the use of coal.Back in the 1950s, China set up a policy called South-south Cooperation to provide resources andhelp to developing nations worldwide. Based on a research by UNDP in 2004, China donated $62 million tosupport victims of 9.3 magnitude earthquake and a follow-up tsunami. It also signed cooperation agreementstogether with developing countries like Cuba to achieve economical development together.As an exemplary nation that is prioritizing reducing carbon footprint to economic developmentnotwithstanding the big population, People’s Republic of China urges all member states to prioritize energysustainability over individual nation’s economic development, and urge those states that are able to do so to helpdeveloping countries do so too. The China government believes that if every nation works hard to alleviate thedisparity between the developed and developing nations and to walk towards energy sustainability together, theenvironmental crisis today can be solved.The Delegate of China expects the following to be discussed at UNEP;1) Establishment of a new system that can alleviate the disparity between developed and developingcountries so that developing countries can be involved in using renewable resources instead of coals,2) Developing a platform for free trade where renewable energy market can flourish3) Devising a framework of policies, treaties or any form of legally binding agreement to make surenations keep to a particular amount of greenhouse gas emissions.