The ubiquitous industry will account for nearly

The manufacture of most industrial materials has some form of impact on the environment. Research is being conducted to reduce this impact and promote sustainable development.One such industrial material which has a substantial effect on the environment, specifically on the carbon levels in the atmosphere is the vastly manufactured and consumed raw material: cement.Currently, the cement industry accounts for almost 5% 1 of the global CO2 production. Over the recent years, cement production has witnessed an exponential increase in developing countries to meet the needs of a rapidly urbanizing civilization 2 and the carbon levels in the environment have seen a proportional increase. If nothing is done to control them, this ubiquitous industry will account for nearly 33% of the global carbon levels by 2050. 3This is indeed a cause for worry, as CO2 is a greenhouse gas which when present in large quantities in the atmosphere can contribute to dangerous phenomena like global warming.4 In such a situation, it is the need of the hour to find economically viable methods to help propagate a low CO2 emitting cement industry. It has been estimated that fossil fuel combustions account for a mere 30% 5 of the amount of CO2 generated during the production of cement whereas the calcination of the limestone accounts for almost 60% of the total carbon emitted.6 This is both good as well as bad news. The carbon emissions cannot be controlled in the cement industry by simply increasing the energy efficiency; the problem must be tackled at the very base itself, by adjusting or changing the constituents of the cement, while keeping in mind the economic feasibility of the cement. This paper gives an overview of the various strategies that the government as well as the cement industry have considered to lessen the amount of carbon released from the cement production process. The rest of the paper is organized as follows: The next section reviews the industrial plans and the subsequent section focuses on the governmental policies. After that, the conclusions are discussed and suggestions are made for the areas that merit further research