Thesis: Being a farmer in Kansas in 1887 would be quite tough since they had high tariffs, expensive equipment purchases and environmental factors that contribute to their plight. Farmers were limited to one-crop economy relying on wheat or corn. As long as prices remained high everyone was fine but high tariffs became an issue. Farmers were in a competitive business in the world market competing against Argentina, Russia, and other countries. If prices in America fell farmers would be doomed. In addition, railroad rates were so high that some farmers lost more if they shipped their corn (595). They could fight back because the railroads could then refuse to provide them with transportation. The high protective tariffs were to protect the manufactures and farmers had no choice but to sell their products at a low price. Equipment purchase was expensive that only large farms had the advantage of buying industrial machines to help harvest faster. Invention to speed along the harvest of wheat the twine binder and others that combine the reaper thresher together to create the ultimate tool (591). With the development of engine-driven machines this increased the production of actively in land. This also how many family farms out of existence. Farmers that pushed Westworld beyond the 100th meridian were hit hard by a drought. Although they are advised not to go further many farmers became broke soon after the six-year drought. The National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry was lead by Oliver H. Kelley and organized in 1867 was a farm organization that wanted to improve the farmers; collective plight (596). In an effort to establish an improvement plight they set up owned stores for the consumer in order to manufacture harvesting machinery and end financial disaster. They even went into politics and through state legislative, they tried to regulate railways and storage fees by charing railroads and operators of warehouses (596). Farmer’s alliance came together in the 1870s to break the grip that railroads and manufacturers have on the cooperative purchase and selling. Out of the Farmers Alliance emerged the Populists Party (People’s party) they represent the Southerners and Western that believe the U.S. economic policy was favoring Eastern businessman instead of the nation’s farmers. Their proposals included graduated income tax and unlimited coinage of silver.