This point of the article is that there
This article questions the presence of a father figure in the lives of of African American, Caribbean black and non-Hispanic white American males until the age of 16. The research is done by the National Survey of American Life (NSAL), was conducted on 6,082 individuals, 3,570 African Americans, 891 non-Hispanic whites, and 1,621 blacks of Caribbean blacks. The purpose of the research was to examine the presence of father figures of men across three distinct racial and ethnic groups until the age of 16, they also wanted to assess the current socio-demographic factors of these men as adults and explore whether these factors lead to variations in mental health outcomes of the men in adulthood. All data was collected using face-to-face interviews and computer assisted instruments. Test results also suggested that being raised by a grandfather placed both African American and Caribbean black men at greater risk for depressive symptoms and non-specific psychological distress under certain socio-demographic conditions. An obvious strength of this article is the emphasis of its purpose, which is finding that different ethnic of men are facing familiar problems of not having a father figure presence in their lives. One more strength is that they were able to find that everyday discrimination scores were highest for Caribbean black men, followed by African American men, and then non-Hispanic white men. We found that being raised by a grandfather had no statistical significant effect for African American men. Instead, being raised by no man until the age of 16 actually lowered psychological distress scores for African American men For Caribbean black men, being raised by a grandfather increased non-specific psychological distress scores.The weak point of the article is that there is still no valid evidence on how the father figures in the lives of young men may affect their mental health as adults. With the gap of not knowing how father figures affect in the mental health of adults we still do not know if those without father figures have both emotional and behavioral problems in adolescence and psychological distress in adult life. This article will relate a little with the reading in module 9.3-3a which talks about Father’s Influence.